Category Archives: PVC

Cascade Solar Unveils Affordabe Solar Power Kits for Off Grid Sheds, Cabins and Homes for Unbeatable Prices

Searching for a cost-effective solar power kit
to provide electricity for your OffGrid Shed, Cabin or Container Home or Tiny House?

Cascade Solar Groad Mount Solar for Off Grid Sheds, Cabins and Homes

Cascade Solar Groad Mount Solar for Off Grid Sheds, Cabins and Homes

Cascade Solar offers the best deal/cost-per-watt on turnkey solar power systems that provide everything needed, including batteries!

August 25, 2020Cascade Solar is now offering turnkey solar power systems in 1-kW, 3-kW, 5-kW, 8-kW and 10-kW plug and play configurations for best price you will find anywhere in the United States. All of their systems include premium -0/+5% solar panels, 97% efficiency power inverters, 12v 250 Ah AGM batteries, combiner boxes, PV electricity wiring, MC4 connectors, and roof or ground mount racking systems.

Each one of the solar power arrays featured below offers the best prices that were negotiated due to Cascade’s high-volume discounts. All of these systems include at least one battery and a power inverter with plenty of room to add additional strings of solar panels as a homestead expands.

In other words, these systems are engineered to make it easy to add more solar panels and batteries as more and more solar electricity is needed or as the customer has more funds to spend on solar on a year-by-year basis.

Solar systems/battery banks can be expanded as budget allows upgrades:

  • The low-end systems can be expanded from 1.2-kW up to 5-kW of solar panels.
  • The high-end systems can be expanded from 5-kW up to 10-kW of solar panels.
  • All Battery Banks include at least one 10-hour AGM battery. Extra batteries $439 each. Lithium Ion battery packs are available at a significantly higher price!
  • We carry Solar Panels from Q-Cell (quoted below) and LG (available upon request).

U.S. Federal Solar Tax Credit – 26% Tax Credit Write Off on 2020 Tax Returns

The U.S. 26% federal solar tax credit expires on 12/31/20. In addition to the great prices, customers who pay taxes at the end of the year can write off 26% of the total cost of their solar system installation on their 2020 federal tax return. Some states also offer solar tax credits.

1.2-kilowatt Turnkey Off Grid Solar System for RVs, Tents & Small Sheds$5,162.46

$5,162.46
-$1,342.23 (tax write off) =
—————-
$3,820.23 Total Out of Pocket

  • Four 315-watt Q-Cells Mono-Crystalline -0/+5% ( 315-w panels X 4 = 1,260 watts)
  • DC Combiner Box – Breaker, SPD, Switches –  4 solar string inputs, 1 string output
  • 5k 97% Efficient Hybrid Inverter with built-in Charge Controller/MPPT – Up to 5,000 watts
  • One 12v 250 Ah AGM Battery* with Cables – (Extra batteries only $439 each)
  • PV Electrical Wiring – 150 ft roll
  • Plug and Play MC4 Connectors for connecting panels
  • Full Ground-Mount Racking System
  • 1,260-watts x 5 sun hours per day = 6.3-kWh per day/189-kWh per month
  • At $0.11 cents per watt, this is worth $20.79 worth of free electricity
  • Break even point. Cost $5,162.47/$20.79 month free electricity = 248 months to break even
  • Total Cost $5,162.46 / 1,260 watts = $4.09 per watt for comparison shopping
  • Federal Tax Credit = $1,342.23 can be deducted from 2020 U.S. federal tax returns
  • Doesn’t include Taxes or Shippping that are based on final shipping address

3.1-kilowatt Turnkey Off Grid Solar System for Cabins, Yurts and Log Homes – $8,340.45

$8,340.45
-$2,168.51 (tax write off) =
—————-
$6,171.94 Total Out of Pocket

  • Ten 315-watt Q-Cells Mono-Crystalline -0/+5% ( 315-w panels X 10 = 3,150 watts)
  • DC Combiner Box – Breaker, SPD, Switches –  4 solar string inputs, 1 string output
  • 5k 97% Efficient Hybrid Inverter with built-in Charge Controller/MPPT – Up to 5,000 watts
  • Four 12v 250 Ah AGM Batteries with Cables – 1,000 Ah battery bank (extra batteries $439)
  • PV Electrical Wiring – 150 ft roll
  • Plug and Play MC4 Connectors for connecting panels
  • Full Ground-Mount Racking System
  • 3,150-watts x 5 sun hours per day = 15.75-kWh per day/472.5-kWh per month
  • At $0.11 cents per watt, this is worth $51.97 worth of free electricity
  • Break even point. Cost $8340.45/$51.97 month free electricity = 160 months to break even
  • Total Cost $8,340.45 / 3,150 watts = $2.64 per watt for comparison shopping
  • Federal Tax Credit = $2,168.51 can be deducted from 2020 U.S. federal tax returns
  • Doesn’t include Taxes or Shippping that are based on final shipping address 

5.0-kilowatt Turnkey Off Grid Solar System for Cabins, Yurts and Log Homes – $13,262.78

$13,262.78
-$3,448.32 (tax write off) =
—————–
$9,814.46   Total Out of Pocket

  • Sixteen 315-watt Q-Cells Mono-Crystalline -0/+5% ( 315-w panels X 10 = 5,040 watts)
  • DC Combiner Box – Breaker, SPD, Switches –  4 solar string inputs, 1 string output
  • 5k 97% Efficient Hybrid Inverter with built-in Charge Controller/MPPT – Up to 5,000 watts
  • Six 12v 250 Ah AGM Batteries w/Cables = 1,500 Ah battery bank (extra batteries $439 each)
  • PV Electrical Wiring – 150 ft roll
  • Plug and Play MC4 Connectors for connecting panels
  • Full Ground-Mount Racking System
  • 5,040-watts x 5 sun hours per day = 25.2 kWh per day/756 kWh per month
  • At $0.11 cents per watt, this is worth $83.16 worth of free electricity
  • Break even point. Cost $13,262.78/$83.16 month free electricity = 159 months to break even
  • Total Price of $13,262.78 / 5,040 watts = $2.63 per watt for comparison shopping
  • Federal Tax Credit = $3,448.32 can be deducted from 2020 U.S. federal tax returns
  • Doesn’t include Taxes or Shippping that are based on final shipping address

8.1-kilowatt Turnkey Off Grid Solar System for Cabins, Yurts and Log Homes – $18,667.89

$18,667.89
-$4,853.65 (tax write off) =
—————–
$13,814.24  Total Out of Pocket

  • Twenty-six 315-watt Q-Cells Mono-Crystalline -0/+5% ( 315-w panels X 26 = 8,190 watts)
  • DC Combiner Box – Breaker, SPD, Switches –  4 solar string inputs, 1 string output
  • 10k 97% Efficient Hybrid Inverter with built-in Charge Controller/MPPT – Up to 10,000 watts
  • Eight 12v 250 Ah AGM Batteries with Cables = 2,000 Ah battery bank (extra batteries $439)
  • PV Electrical Wiring – 150 ft roll
  • Plug and Play MC4 Connectors for connecting panels
  • Full Ground-Mount Racking System
  • 8,190-watts x 5 sun hours per day = 40.95-kWh per day/1228.5-kWh per month
  • At $0.11 cents per watt, this is worth $135.13 worth of free electricity
  • Break even point. Cost $18,667.89/$135.13 month free electricity = 138 months break even
  • Total Cost $18,667.89 / 8,190 watts = $2.27 per watt for comparison shopping
  • Federal Tax Credit = $4,853.65 can be deducted from 2020 U.S. federal tax returns
  • Doesn’t include Taxes or Shippping Costs that are based on final shipping address

10.0-kilowatt Turnkey Off Grid Solar System for Cabins, Yurts and Log Homes – $19,942.47

$19,942.47
-$5,185.04 (tax write off) =
—————–
$14,757.43 Total Out of Pocket

  • Thirty-two 315-watt Q-Cells Mono-Crystalline -0/+5% ( 315w panels X 26 = 10,080 watts)
  • DC Combiner Box – Breaker, SPD, Switches –  8 solar string inputs, 1 string output
  • 10k 97% Efficient Hybrid Inverter with built-in Charge Controller/MPPT – Up to 10,000 watts
  • Eight 12v 250 Ah AGM Battery with Cables = 2,000 Ah battery bank (extra batteries for $439)
  • PV Electrical Wiring – 150 ft roll
  • Plug and Play MC4 Connectors for connecting panels
  • Full Ground-Mount Racking System
  • 10,080-watts x 5 sun hours per day = 50.4-kWh per day/1,512-kWh per month
  • At $0.11 cents per watt, this is worth $166.32 worth of free electricity
  • Break even point. Cost $19,942.47/$166.32 month free electricity = 119 months break even
  • $19,942.47 / 10,080 watts = $1.97 per watt
  • Federal Tax Credit = $5,185.04 can be deducted from 2020 U.S. federal tax returns
  • Doesn’t include Taxes or Shippping Costs that are based on final shipping address

Which Solar Electric Kit Will Be Enough to Power My Entire Home?

For most off grid sheds, cabins and homes in the United States, one of the solar systems above should provide more than enough solar electricity to power your entire off grid homestead. These off grid systems are not designed to be used with a grid-tied home, but will accomodate a backup generator should it be needed during long periods of cloudy days when needed to charge up the battery bank.

Most of these systems price out to be less than a $3.00 per watt, which is way more affordable than most solar installation companies will charge you.  You will save thousands of dollars by doing all of the solar installation work yourself.

We do recommend hiring a journeyman electrician to oversee the wiring and grounding portion of the installation. And maybe a general handyman to help with pouring the cement footers for the ground mount and digging trenches and/or installing conduit pipe when running wiring underground from the array to the house or utility closet where the batter banks are located.

All of solar power kits, ranging from 1-kW to 10-kW system include everything you’ll need including solar panels, power inverter with built in MPPT charge controller, batteries, wiring and the racking system for a ground mount. They are complete turnkey solar systems that will provide sufficient electricity to power entire homes and/or businesses.

1st Question: How Much Solar Will Your Off Grid Homestead Need?

To figure out the how much solar your home will need, make a list of all the appliances you use in your current home: satellite dish, TV, computer, kitchen appliances, refrigerator, freezer, washer/dryer, lights, etc. You can either use a Kill a Watt Meter or an electric calculator to calculate out how much electricity everything uses. Another way to estimate electric needs is to gather your last 12 months of electric bills to see how many total kWh you are using now on a monthly basis and add up the last 12 months. Most homes use about 30-kWh per day or 900-kWh per month.

2nd Question: How Much Space Is Needed to Build an Ground Mount Solar Power Array?

A 1-kW of solar power panels typically requires 100 square feet or less of space. So 1-kW of panels will take up approximately 100 sq. ft. of space. 3-kW would take up to 300 sq. ft. 10-kW will need 1,000 sq. ft. Solar Panels and batteries should be as close as possible to where the electricity will be used to prevent line loss.

3rd Question: How Much Solar Energy Will My Solar System Generate?

The amount energy that can be generated by solar panels is dependent on how many sun hours your homestead receives each day. PVWatts is a good resource for determining how many watts your system will generate. Or you can look at a solar sun hour map below. In the southwest United States, most places in Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas will receive 5 sun hours during winter months and up to 8 hours of sun during the summer months.

Sun Hour Map of the United States

Sun Hour Map of the United States

 Actual power generated will vary based on location, equipment and installation factors. Refer to your electric utility bill to find the actual kWh used per month and then find the solar system that produces a similar amount of kWhs.

What is included in my Solar Power Installation Kit?

Our kits provide all the solar components you need from start to finish:

  • Solar Panels – PV modules with 25-year warranties, high effiicency and a -0/+5% power tolerance.
  • Off Grid Hybrid Inverters – includes a 97% efficient MPPT battery charge controller
  • Wiring and Waterproof  MC4 Connectors – everything you need to connect the solar panels, batteries to the home’s electric utility panel/breaker box
  • Racking and Attachments – Industrial strength ground racking mounts for installing solar panels on the ground to allow for easy cleaning and snow removal.
  • Solar Power Monitoring Displays – Free with every kit purchase! Digital read out displasy allow customers to view and analyze theiring solar energy production in real-time.
  • Not Included – Concrete, schedule 40 pipe, conduit pipe, fittings, breakers, junction boxes and a sub panel (if required). All these items can be purchased at any electrical supply shop, Home Depot or Lowes, and will typically cost ~$1,500.

Can I Install a 1-kW to 10-kW Ground Mount System Myself?

  • Most people can install a ground-mounted solar system on their own in a couple of days.
  • Our kits use industry leading solar panels, inverters, and racking systems specifically selected and combined to make do-it-yourself installation possible.
  • A homeowner who has wired up AC outlets before and is comfortable working with electricity should be able install our off grid solar systems.
  • If self-installation is not for you, we can help you find a local NABCEP-certified solar installer to help you with the process in your area.

What does a typical solar installation process include?

A typical solar ground-mounted system for a home can be installed within one or two weekends once a permit is obtained from your city or county.  After that, it’s just several easy steps until you’re system is  producing solar electricity from the sun’s endless and free energy.

  1. First, the racking and mounting system must be installed. This is the most laborious process of the solar installation process. You have to dig deep holes and pour concrete footers.
  2. Once the racking and mounting system is secured in the ground, the solar panels and inverters can be quickly installed. The inverter(s) are then tied to the home through a dedicated circuit breaker in the main service panel.
  3. When the installation is complete, your city or county inspector must sign off on it. You can accomplish this by scheduling an inspection meeting with them.
  4. Lastly, you must get the system inspected by the local permit authority.

What If I Need to Hire a Contractor to Do All of the Installation Work for Me?

Any licensed general, electrical or solar contractor can install our solar kits. If you select to hire a contractor to install your solar kit, you should expect to pay approximately $1.00 per watt for labor, wire, conduit, fittings, breakers and other miscellaneous electrical components to complete the solar system installation.

# # #

Sound good, but you’d like to talk to a real person to walk you through the solar purchase decision and solar installation process? Fill out this form so we can review your property location, examine possible shade from tree cover and calculate the number of solar hours that your property should receive and how many kWhs your solar system should produce.

 

Using a Thermo Electric Fan to Harvest Wood Stove Heat Junkyard Style for an Off Grid Home or Cabin 

New York – Anyone who heats with a wood stove knows that the experience is completely different from typical central heating. It’s not for everyone, though, and it’s certainly not without its trade-offs. One of the chief complaints is getting heat away from the stove and into other areas of the house, and many owners turn on an electric fan to circulate the heated air.

That’s hardly in the green nature of wood heating, though, and fans can be noisy. So something like this heat-powered stove-top fan can come in handy. Such fans, which use Peltier devices to power a small electric motor, are readily available commercially.

The Peltier module was salvaged from an old travel fridge and mounted to a heat sink from a computer to harvest heat from the stove. The other side of the Peltier needs to have a heat sink to keep it cooler than the hot side, and chose an unconventional bit of salvage for the job — the cylinder of a chainsaw engine. The spark plug hole sprouts the mount for the fan motor, and the cooling fins help keep the Peltier cool. And to prevent overheating of the device, he added a surprise — a car cooling system thermostat to physically lift the device off the stove when it gets too hot. Genius!

Read more => https://hackaday.com/2018/04/27/thermoelectric-fan-harvests-wood-stove-heat-junkyard-style/

# # #

 

How to Raise Crickets for Food for Chickens, Ducks, Fish and Reptiles for Off the Grid Farms

Off Grid Living:  How to Raise Crickets for
Food for Chickens, Ducks, Fish and Reptiles

Click on the photo to see more pictures:

Off Grid Living - How to Raise Crickets for Food for Chickens, Ducks, Fish and Reptiles

Off Grid Living – How to Raise Crickets for Food for Chickens, Ducks, Fish and Reptiles

Raising Crickets for Food for Chickens, Ducks, Fish and Reptiles

New Mexico – Breeding crickets is surprisingly easy and a great way to have different sizes on hand for feeding an array of animals. In this blog, we’ll run down the supplies needed and the techniques we use to breed and raise crickets.

How to Get a Cricket Farm Started

First, you’ll need to order in some crickets – you’ll want to order 3/4”, as most adult crickets have already been bred before they are shipped out. This base of crickets will set you up for success and get the life cycle moving quickly.

How to Build Houses for Crickets

Your crickets housing is up to you. Some have great success with 10 and 20-gallon tanks, and others prefer plastic tote bins. Whatever you use is up to you, just make sure the sides are high enough crickets can’t jump out, or provide a well-ventilated top.

Set up the 3/4” crickets as you would any other crickets – egg crate for climbing and hiding, then a food and water source. Josh’s Frogs cricket food and Insect watering gel is the easiest way to go as these items wont spoil like fresh vegetables will.

You’ll want to maintain crickets at a temperature of 85-89 degrees Fahrenheit with low humidity. This can easily be achieved with a low-watt light suspended above your cricket housing.

How to Know If Crickets Are Laying Eggs

After crickets are mature, in generally 1-2 weeks, you’ll hear plenty of chirping. This is an indication your crickets are ready to breed and it’s time to provide them with a place to lay their eggs.

At Josh’s Frogs, we use sandwich containers containing 2 ½ cups of vermiculite and ¾ cups water. Any shallow container will work, so long as it can hold the vermiculite and water. Using a container that you can pop a top onto is ideal.

Place the egg laying container on top of a piece of egg crate in your crickets enclosure, then use a smaller piece of egg crate to make a ramp up to to the container. Leave the container in place for a couple days to give your crickets plenty of time to lay their eggs. Then remove it for incubation.

How to Incubate Cricket Eggs

Cover half of the egg container’s top with paper towel to catch condensation, then put on the top. Incubate the egg laying bin at 89F for 8-10 days. We’ve modified freezers as incubators at Josh’s Frogs, or you can purchase an Exo-Terra Incubator for easy use.

What to Do When Baby Crickets Are Hatched

After the pinhead crickets hatch, place the bin in a container the pinheads cannot escape from and provide them with a bit of egg crate to act as a ramp.

You can feed out the pinheads to your animals, or raise them up to a larger size before feeding. Younger crickets require a higher level of humidity than older crickets.

Source: http://www.joshsfrogs.com/catalog/blog/2015/03/how-to-breed-crickets/

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

# # #

#HowTo #Raise #Crickets #Pinheads #Eggs #Feed #Chicken #Ducks #Fish #Reptiles #Food #Houses #Farms #Bins #Incubator #EggCrates #Vermiculite #Plastic #Tote #OffGridLiving #LivingOffGride #Guide

How to Build Greenhouses and Cold Garden Frames Out of PVC Pipe

Off Grid Living: How to Build Greenhouses
and Cold Garden Frames Out of PVC Pipe

Click on the photo to see more pictures:

Off Grid Living - How to Build a Greenhouse and Cold Garden Frame Out of PVC Pipe

Off Grid Living – How to Build Greenhouses and Cold Garden Frames Out of PVC Pipe

Building Greenhouses and Cold Garden Frames Out of PVC Pipe

Alabama – The greenhouse is an ancient invention, going all the way back to the Roman Empire. It is the oldest example of passive solar heating, creating an environment for plants to grow in, where they otherwise couldn’t survive. Anyone who loves gardening and lives in a cold environment needs to have a greenhouse; at a minimum, to start their plants in the spring.

Yet building a greenhouse is normally considered a very expensive proposition… at least, building a metal and glass one is. However, you can build your own greenhouse for a fraction of the cost and it will work pretty much just as well as one designed by an architect.

This is done by using PVC pipe for the framework, covered by a thin, sheet plastic, commonly used by building contractors to partition off areas and provide temporary weatherproofing to their projects. It is available in varying thickness up to 6 mil. Any thickness of plastic will work, but the thicker variants will last longer.

Source: http://theplywood.com/diy-pvc-greenhouse

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

# # #

#OffGridLiving #LivingOffGrid #Howto #Build #Greenhouse #Cold #Garden #PVC #Pipe #Alabama #ColdGardenFrames #Gardens #Greenhouses #LivingOffGrid #News #OffGridLiving #Pipes #PVC #UnitedStates #WindowBoxes

How to Setup an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting and Water Nipples

Off Grid Living – How to Setup an Automatic Watering
System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting

Click on the photo to see more pictures:
Off Grid Living - How to Setup an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting

Off Grid Living – How to Setup an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting

Setting Up an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops

Washington – How to setup a automated chicken watering station inside a chicken coop using rainwater harvesting rain barrels.

Providing an automatic chicken watering system for a chicken coop is important.

Most DIY feeders and waterers are just variations on the same theme. Here is how to assemble one version each of a non-spill, easy-clean feeder and waterer, but keep in mind that these directions are easily adaptable for everyone’s own situation. You may want to lengthen or shorten certain components to make them fit into your coop or to suit your number of chickens, and you can add components to fill them from outside the coop.

Because of the way these dispensers are constructed, making adjustments can be as easy as purchasing additional sections of PVC—just adjust the height and lengths of the pipes to fit your situation and needs. There are no magic lengths, though longer pipes will hold more feed and water, which is important if you have a large flock. The lengths shown here are just for illustrative purposes.

Source: https://www.hobbyfarms.com/the-no-mess-chicken-feeding-watering-system/

Please join our Off Grid Living Discussion Group on Facebook

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

# # #

#Automatic #Chicken #Coops #Chickens #Ducks #Feeders #LivingOffGrid #OffGridLiving #New #Pipes #PVC #Rain #Gutters #Rainwater #Barrels #Washington #Water #Watering #Nipples #ChickenCoops #WateringSystem #Rainwater #Harvesting #Collection