Category Archives: Water

Searching for information on how to provide fresh water for sheds, cabins and homes the United States? Click here to read more about providing water for off grid properties in the United States.

The Best Places in Fish in a Stream, River or Lake

Off Grid Living – Where are the Best
Places in Fish in a Stream, River or Lake

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Off Grid Living - Where are the Best Places in Fish in a Stream, River or Lake

Off Grid Living – Where are the Best Places in Fish in a Stream, River or Lake

The Best Places to Fish in a Stream, River or Lake

New Hampshire – Fishing on rivers and streams is like playing hide-and-seek with a little kid. Play the game a few times, and you’ll quickly discover there are only a handful of places to check. And just like giggling or a lump in a blanket are dead giveaways, most of the best fishing spots are obvious after a quick scan of your surroundings.

First, wade or hike away from heavily visited areas of the river to improve your number of bites and fish size. Then remember that the 80/20 rule usually applies to fish location in rivers. That is, 80 percent of the fish are located in about 20 percent of the river. Sure, you might catch a fish here or there by just randomly casting. But I typically find fish grouped in areas where the speed of the current or the depth of the water changes.

Where two currents come together, like below an island or where a creek empties into a river, there will be a visible seam where the stronger current meets the slower. Any spot where calm water borders swift is worthy of a cast.

Deep holes typically form in river bends as well, with slow-moving shallow water on the inside of the bend and faster-moving, deeper water on the outside of the bend. With a mix of shallow and deep water plus fast and slow currents that normally form an eddy — you guessed it — river bends are one of the best fishing spots.

Source: https://fishing.boyslife.org/where-to-find-fish-in-a-river-or-stream/

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How to Build a Pond or Lake for Awesome Fishing and Reproduction

Off Grid Living – How to Build a Pond or
Lake for Awesome Fishing and Reproduction

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Off Grid Living - How to Build a Pond or Lake for Awesome Fishing and Reproduction

Off Grid Living – How to Build a Pond or Lake for Awesome Fishing and Reproduction

Building a Pond or Lake for Awesome Fishing and Reproduction

Maine – Fish farming is an old agricultural method that modern homesteaders can use today. A great source of continuous protein, freshwater fish farms allow anyone to grow a different variety of fish that can be used for personal consumption.

While it may be hard work to get started, building a fish farm can be rewarding, fun, and can really pay off in the long run when you may not have a lot of money to spend on food. It could also be a good income source if you have other people around you who are in need of additional food.

Source: https://insteading.com/blog/fish-farming-ponds/

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How to Build a Better Fish Trap in SHTF Survival Situations

Off Grid Living – How to Build a Better Fish Trap
in When Shit Hits the Fan (SHTF) Survival Situations

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Off Grid Living - How to Build a Better Fish Trap in SHTF Survival Situations

Off Grid Living – How to Build a Better Fish Trap in SHTF Survival Situations

Building a Better Fish Trap in SHTF Survival Situations

Kentucky – How to Build a Better Fish Trap in a Shit Hits the Fan SHTF Survival Situations. No fishing pole required. Build a dammed up pool with rocks. Chase fish into the open mouth and then pile rocks closer and closer until escape is impossible!

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How to Setup an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting and Water Nipples

Off Grid Living – How to Setup an Automatic Watering
System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting

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Off Grid Living - How to Setup an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting

Off Grid Living – How to Setup an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops with Rainwater Harvesting

Setting Up an Automatic Watering System for Chicken Coops

Washington – How to setup a automated chicken watering station inside a chicken coop using rainwater harvesting rain barrels.

Providing an automatic chicken watering system for a chicken coop is important.

Most DIY feeders and waterers are just variations on the same theme. Here is how to assemble one version each of a non-spill, easy-clean feeder and waterer, but keep in mind that these directions are easily adaptable for everyone’s own situation. You may want to lengthen or shorten certain components to make them fit into your coop or to suit your number of chickens, and you can add components to fill them from outside the coop.

Because of the way these dispensers are constructed, making adjustments can be as easy as purchasing additional sections of PVC—just adjust the height and lengths of the pipes to fit your situation and needs. There are no magic lengths, though longer pipes will hold more feed and water, which is important if you have a large flock. The lengths shown here are just for illustrative purposes.

Source: https://www.hobbyfarms.com/the-no-mess-chicken-feeding-watering-system/

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How to Build an Outdoor Solar Heated Shower for Your Off Grid Cabin

Off Grid Living – How to Build an Outdoor
Solar Heated Shower for Your Off Grid Cabin

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Off Grid Living - How to Build an Outdoor Shower for Your Off Grid Cabin

Off Grid Living – How to Build an Outdoor Solar Heated Shower for Your Off Grid Cabin

How to Build an Outdoor Solar Heated Shower for Your Off Grid Cabin

New Mexico – Outdoor showers are a great way to get clean outdoors, a smart way to provide an auxiliary shower for guests during a crowded weekend and a convenient place to clean up sandy feet or after messy yard work. But the question is: What type of outdoor shower? A fully plumbed shower can be complicated. A solar powered shower, on the other hand, is appealing in its simplicity.

But you can still enjoy a warm – and fashionably green – shower under a blue sky by making a few tweaks to the traditional design. In this shower plan, the tank is replaced with a homemade solar coil connected to a garden hose, with both cold and hot supply lines. The end result is an open-topped, efficient solar shower with plenty of pressure and a quick recharge time, perfect for a quick rinse after yard work or before going for a dip in the hot tub or a steam in the sauna.

Source: https://cabinlife.com/articles/article/how-to-build-enjoy-an-outdoor-solar-shower

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How to Build a Bathroom Sink that Repurposes Grey Water to Flush Toilets for an Off Grid Home, Cabin or Shed

Off Grid Living – How to Build a Bathroom Sink that Repurposes
Grey Water to Flush Toilets for an Off Grid Home, Cabin or Shed

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Off Grid Living - How to Build a Bathroom Sink that Repurposes Grey Water to Flush Toilets for an Off Grid Home, Cabin or Shed

How to Install a Sink that Repurposes Grey Water to Flush Toilets for Off Grid Homes, Cabins or Sheds

Off Grid Water Conservation Toilets that Use Water Twice

For most off grid homes, cabins and sheds, every single drop of water counts.  These grey water toilers are cool because they capture water used in the sink and store it in a toilet bowl and then use it to flush so that water can be used twice.

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How to Heat Water with Solar Hot Water Heaters and Stove Water Heating Jackets

The Benefits of Using Passive Solar Heating and Wood Stove Water Heating Jackets to Heat Water for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

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How to Use Off Grid Solar Collectors to Product Free Hot Water

How to Use Passive Solar Collectors to Product Free Hot Water for Off Grid Properties

Various Types of Solar Hot Water Heaters to Heat Water for Off Grid Homes

United States – There are many options for solar water heaters that range from inexpensive home-made jobs to high-end state of the art commercial models.

If you switch to a solar water heating system, your use of electricity or propane will drop significantly; that number will approach zero rapidly if your backup heating system is a wood stove or firebox with a water jacket rather than occasional use utility electricity.

The home-made options are typically not suited for use during times of the year when temperatures dip below freezing. You would need to winterized them before any threat of fall or winter weather arrives.  There are probably hundreds of variations that may be found on the internet. They range from coils of black plastic pipe on one’s roof to coils of copper inside a box with outer glass cover (creating a greenhouse effect).

Some of these utilize a DC electric circulating pump. It pushes the heated water into a storage tank and bring fresh cool water into the heater.  This pump may be activated by a switch that is temperature controlled. But some are directly connected to a solar panel and only run when the sun is shining (precisely the same times that the water is being heated and needs to be circulated).

Evacuated Tube Solar Hot Water Heaters

Evacuated tube models are composed of numerous rows of glass tubes with another smaller tube inside each of the larger tubes.  A vacuum is pulled between each of the two tubes which greatly lessens the loss of heat to outside weather.  Water or an antifreeze solution is then circulated through the inner tubes.

The advantages of evacuated tubes lie in greater efficiency and less heat lost.  So they work quite well even during surprisingly cool temperatures.  However they are somewhat fragile and may not be as suited to areas with a great amount of snow and ice due to the potential for breakage from buildup.

Flat Panel Solar Hot Water Heaters

These heaters look much like solar electric panels but contain tiny water passages which enable a great amount of surface area to come in contact with the heat from the sun.  While not as efficient as evacuated tubes, flat panels still work very well and are certainly more rugged when faced with heavy snow and icy conditions.

Typically an antifreeze solution is circulated through the tubes or panels and the hot fluid is routed inside to a heat exchanger which transfers the heat of the fluid to the home’s hot water.  There are some varieties of evacuated tube heaters that are called drain down systems, which do not require the use of antifreeze because the water drains away from exposed areas once the water cools off.

Thermo-Siphon Solar Hot Water Heaters

It is possible to set up a solar water heating system that doesn’t require an electric circulating pump.  This would be called a thermo-siphon system, operating on the principle that heat rises.

This was the type of system we planned to install for our cabin in the summertime.  The disadvantages would be the amount of work involved in installation, significant cost of commercial systems, and reliance on an electric circulating pump (unless it is set up as a thermo-siphon system).

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