Tag Archives: Living Off Grid

How to Plant Nut Trees for a Sustainable Food Crop and Make Extra Money

Off Grid Living – How to Plant Nut Trees to
Grow a Sustainable Food Crop and Make Extra Money

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Off Grid Living - How to Plant Nut Trees to Grow a Sustainable Food Crop and Make Extra Money

Off Grid Living – How to Plant Nut Trees to Grow a Sustainable Food Crop and Make Extra Money

Planting Nut Trees to Grow a Sustainable Food Crop and Make Extra Money

California – Planting nut trees can certainly be very rewarding, in fact, it can also be very lucrative and a good way for off gridder to earn extra revenue by selling organically raised nuts at local farmers markets.

Consider nut trees such as almonds, hazel nuts, pecans, pistachios, and walnuts.

A single nut tree can produce enough nuts to sell at a local Farmer’s market or roadside stand to make between $250 to $1,000 a year. One black walnut tree can bring about $20,000 in timber alone.

And if it’s well-managed, a five-acre plot of nut trees is enough to produce a full-time income. According to Bruce Thompson, author of Black Walnut for Profit, a mature stand of black walnut trees can bring about $100,000 per acre in timber alone.

If you have the patience and perseverance, planting nut trees can offer not only a great income and food for your family, but a legacy for years to come.

Source: https://www.offthegridnews.com/survival-gardening-2/nut-trees-off-grid-food-supply-and-money-maker/

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

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#OffGridLiving #LivingOffGrid #HowTo #Plant #Grow #Almonds #HazelNuts #Pecans #Pistachios #Walnuts #Nuts #Trees #Sustainable #Food #Crops #Organic

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How to Size a Generator to Back Up an Off Grid Solar System

Off Grid Living – How to Size a Generator to Back Up an Off Grid Solar System

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Off Grid Living - How to Size a Generator to Back Up an Off Grid Solar System

Off Grid Living – How to Size a Generator to Back Up an Off Grid Solar System

Sizing a Generator to Back Up an Off Grid Solar System

California – When searching for a generator to support your off-grid solar system, keep a few things in mind:

  • Generator output should be 2x your inverter’s output
  • Match generator voltage to inverter voltage
  • Generator must be warrantied for off-grid use
  • 2-wire start is mandatory to work automatically with solar system
  • 3600 RPM generators are more cost-effective, while 1800 RPM generators cost more up front but last longer and are more efficient

Generator Sizing

As a general rule, the generator should be around 2 times the size of the inverter’s continuous output. For example, a 4,000-watt inverter should be paired with an 8,000-watt generator.

This is because the generator needs to charge batteries while still powering the loads (appliances using energy). If the loads total 4,000 watts, and the charger is 60 amps at 48 volts, that totals around 7kW of continuous power:

60a x 48v = 2,880 watts + 4,000 watts = 6,880 watts

8kW would make sense as a minimum generator size to power the loads and have enough power to charge the battery bank as well.

It’s a good idea to round up slightly to give some headroom for the generator, especially at higher elevations where your generator is going to lose some of its power. Engines can lose around 3% of their power for every 1,000’ increase in altitude. Make sure you account for this if your system will be installed at a high elevation.

Can I Use a Larger Generator?

A larger generator can be beneficial if you have large loads like an air conditioner or a welder that will only be used when the generator is running.

We frequently sell 12kW and 14kW Kohler generators with our off-grid systems using a 4000w inverter. A larger generator is going to burn more fuel, but otherwise will work fine.

Can I Use a Smaller Generator?

Smaller generators will still work, but it typically requires adjusting the settings to limit the battery charger’s output. Most battery chargers allow you to adjust the AC input amperage and charge rate.

You will need to match the generator’s voltage with the inverter. For example, 120Vac generators should be paired with 120Vac inverter/chargers, while 120/240Vac generators need an inverter that outputs 120/240Vac.

In the rare case that you are using a three-phase generator or inverter, the same rules apply: the generator’s voltage would need to match the inverter.

There is one exception we are aware of. Magnum PAE inverters are 120/240Vac but can handle a 120Vac input, provided you turn down the charge rate to 50% or lower, and adjust the AC input amps to match the size of the generator. This is useful if you need an inverter that can output 120/240Vac but are working with a smaller generator.

Generator Fuel Type (Natural Gas, Propane, Diesel)

Most standby home generators work on natural gas, propane or diesel. Diesel generators tend to be much more fuel efficient and longer lasting, but the initial cost can be 2-3 times more than a natural gas or propane alternative.

The Kohler 12kW & 14kW generators we sell can work with either natural gas or propane. Off-grid customers typically use propane instead of natural gas, but these models can be configured to work with either fuel type.

Warranty

Most generators don’t have a warranty that covers off-grid or prime power applications. Check the generator warranty closely to be sure it can be used off the grid.

Kohler’s 12RES and 14RESA generators are both warrantied for 18 months / 1000 hours of off-grid use (whichever comes first).

If you need more power, dual 14RESA generators can be combined in parallel with the Kohler Powersync module for 28 kW of output.

2-Wire Start

Off-grid generators paired with solar power systems need 2-wire start capability to allow the automatic generator start (AGS) function to work. When your batteries drop below a certain voltage, the AGS kicks in to turn on the generator and recharge your battery bank.

Note that 2-wire start is different than electric start. Some generators will have a button for electric start/stop, but they can’t be controlled by a 2-wire signal, which means the inverter can’t communicate with the generator to trigger the AGS mechanism.

The Kohler 12RES and 14RESA are both capable of two-wire start.

1800 RPM vs. 3600 RPM

Most generators operate at one of two engine speeds: 1800 or 3600 RPM.

The difference is based on engine design and the alternator being used. 1800 RPM generators are generally considered superior because they are more fuel-efficient, but they cost quite a bit more up front. 3600 RPM generators tend to be cheaper but less efficient.

The Kohler 12kW and 14kW generators we sell are 3600 RPM. They are very durable, reliable and more cost-effective for typical off-grid applications. Kohler doesn’t make any 1800 RPM generators smaller than 24kW, although there may be options from other manufacturers. Be sure to do your research and read reviews to learn about the company and make sure you are getting a quality product.

Source: https://apelectric.com/general-faq/

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

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#1800RPM #3600RPM #AirCooled #Backup #BriggsStratton #California #Cummings #Diesel #Gas #Generac #Generators #Kohler #NaturalGas #OffGridLiving #Propane #UnitedStates #WaterCooled #Winco

How to Pour Cement Wall Foundation Footers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Off Grid Living – How to Pour Cement Wall
Foundation Footers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

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Off Grid Living - How to Pour Cement Wall Foundation Footers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Off Grid Living – How to Pour Cement Wall Foundation Footers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Pouring Cement Wall Foundation Footers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Alaska – All concrete block walls, both structural and non-structural,  require a solid, poured concrete footing. Concrete with high cured strength and rapid strength gain is recommended for pouring footing construction with cement.

All poured concrete/cement footings should be at least twice the width of the concrete blocks used. Standard 8” x 8” x 16” blocks would require a 16” wide footing. Make sure the footing depth extends below the frost line, and check local building codes for construction requirements in your area.

Tie rods should be set a minimum of 6” into the concrete footing for load bearing concrete block walls. Rebar should be placed in every other masonry core to provide structural support.

Source: https://www.todayshomeowner.com/how-to-build-a-concrete-block-wall/2/

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

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#Wall Foundations #Pier #Beam #Cement #Concrete #Forms #Rebar #Gravel #Footers #FrostLine #CinderBlocks #FoundationJacks #LivingOffGrid #OffGridLiving #Alaska

How to Pour Cement/Concrete Foundation Piers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Off Grid Living – How to Pour Cement/Concrete
Foundation Piers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

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Off Grid Living - How to Pour Cement Foundation Piers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Off Grid Living – How to Pour Cement Foundation Piers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Pouring Cement/Concrete Foundation Piers for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Washington – Pouring a cement or concrete slab foundation on a slope or a hill can be an expensive pain. Heavy machinery is expensive to bring in and the soil type may not always conducive to you building a fully dug out basement. A poured foundation, or even a cement pad, can cost thousands and take weeks to build. Again, a cement truck may not even be able to access your shed, cabin or off grid home’s site.

But when building a foundation with a pier and beam footers, it becomes much, much more affordable and is less risky to install and there are many other benefits.

Source: https://theoffgridcabin.com/how-to-build-the-best-foundation-for-an-off-grid-cabin/

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

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#Foundations #Pier #Beam #Cement #Concrete #Forms #Rebar #Gravel #Helical #Footers #FrostLine #CinderBlocks #FoundationJacks #LivingOffGrid #OffGridLiving #Washington

How to Build a Foundation for an Off Grid Cabin or Home

Off Grid Living – How to Build a Foundation for an Off Grid Cabin or Home

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Off Grid Living - How to Build a Foundation for Off Grid Cabin or Home

Off Grid Living – How to Build a Foundation for Off Grid Cabin or Home

Building a Foundation for an Off Grid Shed, Cabin or Home

Vermont – One of the most important principles of building any off grid cabin or home is to pour a rock solid foundation.

The following pictures show how to build pier and beam footers and frame out the beginning foundation of the floor.

One important thing is to make sure that piers due not shift overtime and that moisture freezing and thawing over time does not weaken the individual piers and cause the house and/or foundation to shift.

Several options include cinder blocks, forms and removable forms that can be used over and over to save money when pouring concrete.

In addition, steel screw pilings are another option that can be used to drill supports down into the soil.

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
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#Foundations #Pier #Beam #Cement #Concrete #Forms #Rebar #Gravel #Helical #Footers #FrostLine #CinderBlocks #FoundationJacks #LivingOffGrid #OffGridLiving #Vermont

How to Plant a Barrel of Spilled Flowers to Provide Flowing Color for an Off Grid Cabin, Home or Shed

Off Grid Living – How to Plant a Barrel of Spilled Flowers
to Provide Flowing Color an Off Grid Cabin, Home or Shed

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Off Grid Living - How to Plant a Barrel of Spilled Flowers that Provide Flowing Color

Off Grid Living – How to Plant a Barrel of Spilled Flowers that Provide Flowing Color

Planting a Barrel of Spilled Flowers to Provide Off Grid Flowing Color

South Dakota – Create a planter of spilling flowers! Decorative garden displays that use flowing patterns of flowers or vines to simulate water flowing out of an overturned planter, urn, or other vessel.

Some smaller, tabletop displays can feature flowing vines to simulate water spilling over the top or out of the spout. Other larger urns, barrels, or planters can be turned on their side and partially buried in the garden or filled with soil to allow small flowering plants or ground cover to grow.

The flowering plants are then planted in an arrangement to simulate a spreading puddle of spilled water or another liquid.

The sky’s the limit when it comes to creating your own spilled flower garden, since you can choose to emulate an existing natural structure, or simply create one straight from your imagination.

Source: https://homebnc.com/best-spilled-flower-pot-ideas/

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

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#Gardens #SpilledFlowers #Vines #Barrels #Flowers #Gardens #LivingOffGrid #OffGridLiving #Planters #Urns #Vines

The Benefits of Installing Hydronic Heating Systems for Floors and Walls

Off Grid Living:  The Benefits of Installing
Hydronic Heating Systems for Floors and Walls

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Off Grid Living - How to Use Solar Hot Water Heaters to Provide Floor and Wall Radiant Heating

Off Grid Living:  The Benefits of Installing a Hydronic Heating System for Floors and Walls

What are the Benefits of Hydronic Heating Systems for Floors and Walls?

North Dakota – While hydronic radiant heating has become more and more popular over the last several years, there are still many people who are not aware of the many hydronic heating system benefits when compared to a traditional heating plan. Radiant heat is clean and comfortable, while extremely energy efficient and flexible in design.

The single most important element that a heating system must give you and your family is comfort. Hydronic heating takes comfortable to a new level, as can be seen from the many benefits below:

  • Multi Zones – Radiant heating allows for personalized temperature control through the use of multiple zones throughout the home. This way parents and children can custom set their bedroom temperatures to their personal taste, while the kitchen and family room are kept comfortable for everyone. In addition, you don’t have to worry about keeping the doors closed in your rooms to trap heat. This is because radiant heat has no bursts of air that push warmth out of the areas you want it and into the spaces you don’t.
  • Warm Tiles and Floors – There is nothing as discouraging to the thought of getting out of bed in the morning then that frigid walk across cold bathroom tile on your way to the shower. Radiant flooring solves this problem by infusing the floors with heat, so that those previously chilly tiles become your source of warmth. People aren’t the only ones affected, since pets love nothing better than to stretch out on a warm floor.
  • Balanced Humidity Levels – It is far easier to maintain a balanced humidity level in the home with radiant hydronic heat because it will not dry out your home. Cold winter days already do enough to dry out skin without help from a forced air heating system, which sucks additional moisture out of the house in the process of heating the air.
  • Quieter – Radiant flooring and hydronic heating equipment work in silence while providing warmth for the whole house. There are no sounds of the heating unit kicking on and off during the night. Instead, steady heat radiates into the room with nothing to notice but the comfortable temperatures.

Source: https://www.hydronicheating.net/benefits.html 

#Cabins #Container #Earthship #Electric #HeatedCarpet #HeatedFlooring #Heated #Floors #Homes #Hydronic #Radiant #Heating #LivingOffGrid #News #PEX #Piping #RadiantHeatedFloors #RadiantHeatingMats #RVs #Sheds #Solar #Walls #Yurts

Want to Learn More? Join our Off Grid Discussion Group on Facebook!

  1. To learn more and discuss off grid topics, please join our free Facebook group at:
    Off Grid Living: Prepping to Live Off the Grid
  2. Or, read more topics in our “Guide to Off Grid Living” at:
    https://LivingOffGrid.Home.Blog/Guide-to-Off-Grid-Living/

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